Category Archives: Medical research

Study finds association between muscle strengthening activity & lower odds of low back pain

In a study published in August 2017, researchers measured the association between low back pain (LBP) & muscle-strengthening activity (MSA) in adults. They found that engaging in MSA at least 2 times per week was associated with having lower odds of having LBP. However, they found that this association did not hold in male smokers. Continue reading

New study finds intensity training better than moderate training for migraine relief

In a new albeit small study, scientists measured the effects of intense training in short spurts versus moderate training over a longer period. They found that the former, called “High Intensity Interval Training” (HIT), improved migraine symptoms more than the latter, called “Moderate Continuous Exercise” (MCT). Continue reading

PTSD symptoms may have a physical basis in part of the brain, study found

Many people consider PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) to be purely a psychological condition but a new study at UC San Diego Health shows that PTSD may have an underlying physical basis.

The UC researchers observed that the brain emotional control centre called the amygdala was larger in head injured individuals who develop PTSD after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) than in those with mTBI who did not develop PTSD. Continue reading

Radio-frequency rhizotomies may work no better than exercise for back pain unless a proper diagnosis is made first

A radio-frequency rhizotomy (or denervation) is a procedure many medical specialists in the field of pain management use to treat patients with chronic back or neck pain caused by proven damage to one or more of their facet joints. These very small joints serve to stabilize between & behind adjacent vertebrae & they can be damaged in vehicle accidents.

Clinical trials with 681 patients with chronic low back pain showed….. Continue reading

New large study shows fruits & veggies may help injured people deal with mental stress – at least among women

Many injured people suffer a great deal of psychological stress after their accident. They are often on tight budgets because they are unable to work. Thus they may buy less fruits & vegetables to reduce their grocery bills.
A recent large study involving more than 60,000 Australian participants showed that injured people may unknowingly increase their risk of suffering from post-accident mental stress by eating less fruits & vegetables.
The study also found a surprising difference between men & women. Continue reading

Post-accident depression – clinical study shows that improving one’s diet may help 

Many people injured in vehicle accidents develop depression. Sometimes this is so severe that a physician or psychologist diagnoses the patient as having “clinical depression”. Often this is a result of people realising that their recovery will not be as rapid as they had hoped.

A recent study showed that if people follow a very healthy diet they may be able to:

  •  lower their risk of developing clinical depression or
  • recover from their clinical depression more quickly.

Continue reading

PTSD – a few of the latest treatments that may greatly help

People injured or insured in BC who suffer PTSD as a result of an mva are entitled to ICBC Accident Benefits. These include funding for psychological treatments & reimbursement for prescribed medications.

There are a few psychotherapy treatments & medications that are shown to be effective in the treatment of PTSD including:

  • prolonged-exposure therapy,
  • cognitive processing therapy,
  • eye movement desensitization & reprocessing (EMDR) &
  • a couple of selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRI’s).

Continue reading

Effectiveness of Botox in treatment of headaches, migraines & low back pain recently reviewed

Many injured people who do not have a speedy recovery from their injuries are tempted to consider treatment by injections of Botox (Botulinum Toxin).

 

A pain management physician at the U. of Colorado Health Sciences Centre* wrote an article in Medcape on March 9, 2016 in which she referred to a review of botulinum toxin studies performed by the Therapeutics and Technology Assessment Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology… Continue reading

The efficacy of various treatments for low back pain – American College of Physicians’ guidelines

In 2007 the American College of Physicians and the American Pain Society published an article entitled “Diagnosis and Treatment of Low Back Pain: A Joint Clinical Practice Guidline”.

 

Part of the guidelines dealt with the treatment of low back pain. The subcommittee wrote the following recommendations for each of acute (duration less than 4 weeks), subacute (duration 4 to 8 weeks) and chronic low back pain:  Continue reading

New study – yoga & stretching / strengthening / cardio are equally effective for low back pain

The study randomly assigned participants to one of three groups, those in:

  1. weekly yoga classes over 12 weeks, which taught breathing exercises, postures and deep relaxation;
  2. weekly stretching classes which taught aerobic exercises, deep stretches & strengthening exercises focused on the lower body; &
  3. “self-care”. This was the control group. They only received a book with advice on back exercises & how to reduce pain.

Continue reading

New study questions use of acetaminophen for managing back pain & rec’s physical treatments

A recent medical study shows the ineffectiveness of acetaminophen (Tylenol) in reducing pain & disability for patients with spinal pain or osteoarthritis. It also found that it may have harmful effects on the liver.

The findings from this study emphasize a shift away from pharmacological treatment to non-pharmacological ones. Continue reading

Bike helmets are designed to prevent skull fractures, not concussions, says Stanford prof 

Dr. David Camarillo is a bioengineering professor at Stanford University & a brain injury expert. His lab has designed a new very large helmet to greatly reduce the risk of brain injury. It provides more space & therefore more time for the head to slow down so that the brain is not bruised by hitting the inside of the skull.  Continue reading